Understanding the Risk:
Global Port Cybersecurity
Today’s society relies on the fast and free flow of goods between countries: whether raw materials for
construction, components for manufacturing or finished goods; modern manufacturing and logistics
processes operate at a pace and scale not previously seen. Maritime transport is a critical part of this with nearly 500 million tonnes of freight passing through UK ports in 2019.
The first step in understanding risk is always to have a comprehensive model of the thing that is being protected. This varies across different types of facility and jurisdiction, but at a high level, can be derived by understanding the stakeholders a port has and the ways that interaction occur. In their 2019 report ‘Good Practises for cybersecurity in the maritime sector’ ENISA identified the following high-level overview of port stakeholders:
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